Fish & Game Code

 

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California Fish and Game Code

Division 4.  Birds and Mammals

 

Part 1.  General Provisions Generally Applicable to Both

Article 1.  Methods of Taking

Article 2.  Hunting Licenses

Part 3.  Mammals

Chapter 1.  Game Mammals

Chapter 2.  Fur Bearing Mammals

Chapter 3.  Nongame Mammals and Depredators

Chapter 4.  Deer

Chapter 7.  Wild Pigs

Chapter 9.  Bear

Chapter 10.  Mountain Lions

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 3000-3012 (Methods of Taking)

PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS GENERALLY APPLICABLE TO BOTH

3000. It is unlawful to take any bird or mammal, except a nongame mammal, between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise of the following day at the place of taking, except as otherwise provided in this code or under such regulations as the commission may adopt. The commission may adopt regulations prohibiting the taking of any nongame mammal between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise of the following day at the place of taking.

3001. It is unlawful to take birds or mammals with firearms or with bow and arrow when intoxicated.

3002. It is unlawful to shoot at any game bird or mammal, including a marine mammal as defined in Section 4500, from a powerboat, sailboat, motor vehicle, or airplane.

3003.1. Notwithstanding Sections 1001, 1002, 4002, 4004, 4007, 4008, 4009.5, 4030, 4034, 4042, 4152, 4180, or 4181:

(a) It is unlawful for any person to trap for the purposes of recreation or commerce in fur any fur-bearing mammal or nongame mammal with any body-gripping trap. A body-gripping trap is one that grips the mammal's body or body part, including, but not limited to, steel-jawed leghold traps, padded-jaw leghold traps, conibear traps, and snares. Cage and box traps, nets, suitcase-type live beaver traps, and common rat and mouse traps shall not be considered body-gripping traps.

(b) It is unlawful for any person to buy, sell, barter, or otherwise exchange for profit, or to offer to buy, sell, barter, or otherwise exchange for profit, the raw fur, as defined by Section 4005, of any fur-bearing mammal or nongame mammal that was trapped in this state, with a body-gripping trap as described in subdivision (a).

(c) It is unlawful for any person, including an employee of the federal, state, county, or municipal government, to use or authorize the use of any steel-jawed leghold trap, padded or otherwise, to capture any game mammal, fur-bearing mammal, nongame mammal, protected mammal, or any dog or cat. The prohibition in this subdivision does not apply to federal, state, county, or municipal government employees or their duly authorized agents in the extraordinary case where the otherwise prohibited padded-jaw leghold trap is the only method available to protect human health or safety.

(d) For purposes of this section, fur-bearing mammals, game mammals, nongame mammals, and protected mammals are those mammals so defined by statute on January 1, 1997.

3003.2. Notwithstanding Sections 4003, 4152, 4180, or 4180.1 of this code or Section 14063 of the Food and Agricultural Code, no person, including an employee of the federal, state, county, or municipal government, may poison or attempt to poison any animal by using sodium fluoroacetate, also known as Compound 1080, or sodium cyanide.

3003.5. It is unlawful to pursue, drive, or herd any bird or mammal with any motorized water, land, or air vehicle, including, but not limited to, a motor vehicle, airplane, powerboat, or snowmobile, except in any of the following circumstances:

(a) On private property by the landowner or tenant thereof to drive or herd game mammals for the purpose of preventing damage by such mammals to private property.

(b) Pursuant to a permit from the department issued under such regulations as the commission may prescribe.

(c) In the pursuit of agriculture.

3004. It is unlawful for any person, other than the owner, person in possession of the premises, or a person having the express permission of the owner or person in possession of the premises, to hunt or to discharge while hunting, any firearm or other deadly weapon within 150 yards of any occupied dwelling house, residence, or other building or any barn or other outbuilding used in connection therewith. The 150-yard area is a "safety zone."

3005.

(a) It is unlawful to take birds or mammals with any net, pound, cage, trap, set line or wire, or poisonous substance, or to possess birds or mammals so taken, whether taken within or without this state, except as provided in this code or, when relating to ongoing mining operations, in accordance with a mitigation plan approved by the department.

(b)

(1) Mitigation plans relating to mining operations approved by the department shall, among other criteria, require avoidance of take, where feasible, and include reasonable and practicable methods of mitigating the unavoidable take of birds and mammals. When approving mitigation plans, the department shall consider the use of the best available technology on a site-specific basis.

(2) Mitigation plans relating to mining operations approved by the department shall include provisions that address circumstances where mining operations contribute to bird deaths, including ponding of process solutions on heap leach pads and exposure of process solution channels, solution ponds, and tailing ponds.

(3) The mine operator shall prepare a mitigation plan that shall be submitted to the department for approval. For ongoing mining operations, the mitigation plan shall result in an overall reduction in take of avian or mammal species. The department shall provide an opportunity for public review and comment on each mitigation plan during the department's approval process. The mitigation plan shall be prepared on a site-specific basis and may provide for offsite mitigation measures designed to reduce avian mortality. The mine operator shall submit monthly monitoring reports on avian mortality to the department to aid in evaluating the effectiveness of onsite mitigation measures.

(4) The department shall monitor and evaluate implementation of the mitigation plan by the mine operator and require modification of the plan or other remedial actions to be taken if the overall reduction in take of avian or mammal species required pursuant to paragraph (3) is not being achieved.

(5) The mining operator shall reimburse the department for its direct costs to provide appropriate notice of the mitigation plan to affected local government entities and other affected parties. The mine operator shall provide the department a limited number of copies, as determined by the department, of the mitigation plan for public review.

(c) Proof of possession of any bird or mammal that does not show evidence of having been taken by means other than a net, pound, cage, trap, set line or wire, or poisonous substance, is prima facie evidence that the birds or mammals were taken in violation of this section.

(d) This section does not apply to the lawful taking of fur-bearing mammals, nongame birds, nongame mammals, or mammals found to be injuring crops or property, to the taking of birds or mammals under depredation permits, to taking by employees of the department acting in an official capacity, or to taking in accordance with the conditions of a scientific or propagation permit by the holder of that permit.

3005.5. It is unlawful to capture any game mammal, game bird, nongame bird, nongame mammal, or furbearer, or to possess or confine any live game mammal, game bird, nongame bird, nongame mammal, or furbearer taken from the wild, except as provided by this code or regulations made pursuant thereto. Any bird or mammal possessed or confined in violation of this section shall be seized by the department.

The commission may promulgate regulations permitting the temporary confinement of game mammals, game birds, nongame birds, nongame mammals, or furbearers for the purpose of treating the animals, if injured or diseased.

3005.9.

(a) It is unlawful to possess or confine any live cat (family Felidae), except house cats (Felis domesticus), except as provided in this division and in Section 3202. Any cat possessed or confined in violation of this section may be seized by the department for disposal as directed by the commission.

The commission shall adopt regulations permitting the temporary confinement of cats, other than house cats, for the purpose of required veterinary treatment or care, or for utilization in television or motion picture productions.

The following institutions, as defined, are exempt from this section:

(1) Any zoo, as defined in Section 2150.

(2) Any university, college, governmental research agency, or other bona fide scientific institution, as determined by the department, engaging in scientific or public health research.

(b) The following organizations or individuals, as defined by the commission, in compliance with permits and standards, as specified by the commission, that safeguard the health and well-being of cats are exempt from the provisions of subdivision (a):

(1) Circuses.

(2) Other professional exhibitors qualified by the department and licensed by the United States Department of Agriculture.

(3) Dealers and breeders qualified by the department and licensed by the United States Department of Agriculture.

(4) Wildlife rehabilitation centers, as qualified by the department.

(c) Subdivision (a) of this section shall not prohibit the possession or confinement of any cat by a person who had lawful possession of the cat on January 1, 1979, pursuant to a permit issued by the department under Section 2150 or Section 3200. The annual fee for the permit shall be set by the department in an amount calculated to cover the costs of administration. Progeny determined to have been conceived before January 1, 1979, are exempt from subdivision (a) of Section 3005.9 but are subject to department regulations regarding their possession or confinement.

(d) Cats possessed pursuant to subdivisions (b) and (c) of this section may be sold, transferred, or disposed of to the institutions or individuals defined as exempt under this section, when the sale, transfer or disposal is pursuant to a department permit. The permit shall specify the terms and conditions of sale, transfer, or disposal. These cats shall not be sold, transferred, or disposed of to private individuals.

The commission shall adopt regulations regarding the possession or confinement of progeny determined to have been conceived after January 1, 1979. These cats may be sold, transferred, or disposed of to the institutions defined as exempt under this section, when the sale, transfer, or disposal is pursuant to a department permit. The permit shall specify the terms and conditions of sale, transfer, or disposal. These cats shall not be sold, transferred, or disposed of to private individuals.

This section does not apply to the lawful taking of mammals found to be injuring crops or property, or to the taking of mammals under depredation permits, or to the lawful taking of these mammals as authorized by the commission.

3005.91. The department or an eligible local entity, pursuant to regulations of the commission, shall inspect the cat facilities of each person holding a permit issued pursuant to regulations of the commission authorizing the possession of a cat, other than a house cat. These inspections shall be to ensure that the animal is being held in conformity with law. The department or an eligible local entity shall collect an inspection fee in an amount determined by the department pursuant to Section 2150.2. The fee shall be paid over to the department.

3005.92.

(a) The commission shall promulgate regulations regarding the possession and confinement of privately owned cats (family

felidae) other than house cats. Such regulations shall include the following requirements:

(1) Specific cage or enclosure standards for each cat species. Such requirements shall be met by any person applying for a permit or renewal of a permit prior to such issuance or renewal.

(2) That every cat be inspected by a licensed veterinarian every year, who shall thereafter issue a health certificate. The certificate shall be attached to the cage or enclosure of the examined cat.

(b) When it is shown that the holder of a permit issued pursuant to Section 2150, or a license issued pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 3202, authorizing the possession or confinement of a cat, has been convicted of a violation of Section 3005.92, such permit or license may be revoked.

3005.93. The department shall make available upon request information on the possession of a cat, other than a house cat, and information on regulations and standards applicable to permit holders.

3005.94. The director may appoint a committee to advise him on the care of cats, other than house cats.

3006. Except as authorized under a domesticated game breeder's license, any deer, elk, or bear kept in captivity may be killed only with the approval of the department, and under such regulations as the commission may prescribe. The carcass, or any part thereof, of any such mammal may not be sold, and shall be disposed of in such manner as the department may direct.

3007. Every person who takes any bird or mammal shall procure a license or permit therefore.

3008. The physical control of a dog by its owner while the dog is engaged in hunting in an area where the owner is otherwise authorized to hunt, shall be as required by this code or regulations made pursuant thereto.

Dogs which are used for hunting which have been vaccinated for rabies in their county of residence in conformity with state law regulating vaccinations in rabies areas are not subject to rabies vaccination requirements of local ordinances outside their county of residence.

3009. Every person who while taking any bird or mammal kills or injures another person by the use of any firearm, bow and arrow, spear, slingshot, or other weapon or device used in such taking and who knowingly either abandons such person or fails to render to such injured person all necessary aid possible under the circumstances is guilty of a felony.

3010. It is unlawful for any person to take any pheasant within 300 yards of any vehicle from which pheasants are being released into an area for hunting while such pheasants are being released.

3011. No person, including employees of the state, federal or county government, shall take bear with iron or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed traps, and no provision of this code or any other law shall be construed to authorize, or to permit the authorizing of, the use of iron or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed traps to take bear.

3012. It is unlawful to use any recorded or electrically amplified bird or mammal calls or sounds, or recorded or electrically amplified imitations of bird or mammal calls or sounds, to assist in taking any bird or mammal, except nongame birds and nongame mammals as permitted by regulations of the commission.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 3031-3039 (Hunting Licenses)

PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS GENERALLY APPLICABLE TO BOTH

3031.

(a) A hunting license, granting the privilege to take birds and mammals, shall be issued to any of the following:

(1) A resident of this state, 16 years of age or older, upon the payment of a base fee of seventeen dollars ($17), as adjusted under Section 713.

(2) A person under the age of 16 years, upon the payment of a base fee of four dollars ($4), as adjusted under Section 713.

(3) A person not a resident of this state, 16 years of age or older, upon the payment of a base fee of fifty-nine dollars ($59), as adjusted under Section 713.

(4) A person not a resident of this state, 16 years of age or older, valid only for two consecutive days upon payment of a base fee of twenty-five dollars ($25), as adjusted under Section 713. A license issued pursuant to this paragraph is valid only for taking resident and migratory game birds, resident small game mammals, fur-bearing mammals, and nongame mammals, as defined in this code or in regulations adopted by the commission.

(5) A person not a resident of this state, valid for one day and only for the taking of domesticated game birds and pheasants while on the premises of a licensed game bird club, or for the taking of domesticated migratory game birds in areas licensed for shooting those birds, upon the payment of a base fee of eight dollars ($8), as adjusted under Section 713.

(b) The adjustment of the base fees under Section 713, which are specified in paragraphs (1) to (5), inclusive, of subdivision (a), are applicable to the hunting license years beginning on and after July 1, 1988.

3031.2.

(a) In addition to Sections 714 and 3031 and notwithstanding Section 3037, the department shall issue lifetime hunting licenses under this section. A lifetime hunting license authorizes the taking of birds and mammals anywhere in this state in accordance with the law for purposes other than profit for the life of the person to whom issued unless revoked for a violation of this code or regulations adopted under this code. A lifetime hunting license is not transferable. A lifetime hunting license does not include any special license tags, license stamps, or fees.

(b) A lifetime hunting license may be issued to residents of this state, as follows:

(1) To a person 62 years of age or over upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars ($300) in 1998.

(2) To a person 40 years of age or over and less than 62 years of age upon payment of a fee of four hundred forty-five dollars ($445) in 1998.

(3) To a person 10 years of age or over and less than 40 years of age upon payment of a fee of four hundred ninety-five dollars ($495) in 1998.

(4) To a person less than 10 years of age upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars ($300) in 1998.

(5) The department shall establish the fee for each license authorized under this section in 1999 and subsequent years. The license fee shall not be less than the fee authorized in 1998, and the fee shall not exceed the cost of a license if the license fee was adjusted pursuant to Section 713 with the base year of 1998.

(c) Nothing in this section requires a person under the age of 16 to obtain a license to take birds or mammals except as required by law.

(d) Nothing in this section exempts an applicant for a license from meeting other qualifications or requirements otherwise established by law for the privilege of sporthunting.

3031.5. For the purpose of obtaining a hunting license, enrollees in the Job Corps, created by the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-452), shall be deemed to be residents of California.

3033.

(a) The department shall, upon application and payment of a fee, issue a reduced fee hunting license, that authorizes the licensee to take any bird or mammal as otherwise authorized pursuant to this code and regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to a disabled veteran, as defined in subdivision (b), who has not been convicted of any violation of this code. The base license fee for a reduced fee hunting license shall be four dollars ($4) for the hunting license year beginning on July 1, 1995, and, for the following years, this license fee may be annually reviewed and adjusted in accordance with Section 713.

(b) "Disabled veteran" means a person having a 70 percent or greater service-connected disability and an honorable discharge from military service. The person shall be eligible upon presentation of proof of an honorable discharge from military service and proof of the disability. Proof of the disability shall be by certification from the United States Department of Veterans' Affairs or by presentation of a license issued pursuant to this section in the preceding license year.

3037. A hunting license authorizes the person to whom it is issued to take birds and mammals, in accordance with law, for a term of one year from July 1st to June 30th, or, if issued after the beginning of such term, for the remainder of the term.

3038. Any member of the armed forces of the United States who is in a military medical facility and who is at least 70 percent disabled shall be issued a hunting permit, on application therefore, by the department, in lieu of a hunting license and appropriate tags, authorizing the taking of birds and mammals. If the permit covers a period during which birds or mammals may only be taken or shipped with appropriate tags, the department may issue such tags with the permit or shall endorse the permit to authorize such taking and shipping without such tags.

Such a permit shall be valid only during the period of time such person is in the medical facility and so disabled. Certification by the commanding officer of the military medical facility shall be sufficient proof of this period of time and extent of disability.

3039.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section and Sections 3087 and 4303, or any other provision of this code, or regulations adopted pursuant thereto, it is unlawful to sell or purchase any species of bird or mammal or part thereof found in the wild in California.

(b) Products or handicraft items made from furbearing mammals and nongame mammals, their carcass or parts thereof, lawfully taken under the authority of a trapping license, may be purchased or sold at any time.

(c) Shed antlers, or antlers taken from domestically reared animals that have been manufactured into products or handicraft items, or that have been cut into blocks or units which are to be handcrafted or manufactured into those articles may be purchased or sold at any time. However, complete antlers, whole heads with antlers, antlers that are mounted for display, or antlers in velvet may not be sold or purchased at any time, except as authorized by Section 3087.

(d) Notwithstanding Section 3504, inedible parts of domestically raised game birds may be sold or purchased at any time.

(e) Any person who illegally takes any bird or mammal for profit or for personal gain by engaging in any activity authorized by this section is subject to civil liability pursuant to Section 2582.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 3950-3961 (Game Mammals)

PART 3. MAMMALS

3950.

(a) Game mammals are: deer (genus Odocoileus), elk (genus Cervus), prong-horned antelope (genus Antilocapra), wild pigs, including feral pigs and European wild boars (genus Sus), black and brown or cinnamon bears (genus Euarctos), mountain lions (genus Felis), jackrabbits and varying hares (genus Lepus), cottontails, brush rabbits, pigmy rabbits (genus Sylvilagus), and tree squirrels (genus Sciurus and Tamiasciurus).

(b) Nelson bighorn sheep (subspecies Ovis canadensis nelsoni) are game mammals only for the purposes of sport hunting described in subdivision (b) of Section 4902.

3950.1.

(a) Notwithstanding Section 3950 or any other provision of this code, the mountain lion (genus Felis) shall not be listed as, or considered to be, a game mammal by the department or the commission.

(b) Section 219 does not apply to this section. Neither the commission nor the department shall adopt any regulation that conflicts with or supersedes this section.

3960. It is unlawful to permit or allow any dog to pursue any big game mammal during the closed season on such mammal, to pursue any fully protected, rare, or endangered mammal at any time, or to pursue any mammal in a game refuge or ecological reserve if hunting within such refuge or ecological reserve is unlawful.

Employees of the department may capture any dog not under the reasonable control of its owner or handler, when such uncontrolled dog is pursuing, in violation of this section, any big game, fully protected, rare, or endangered mammal.

Employees of the department may capture or dispatch any dog inflicting injury or immediately threatening to inflict injury to any big game mammal during the closed season on such mammal, and they may capture or dispatch any dog inflicting injury or immediately threatening to inflict injury on any fully protected, rare, or endangered mammal at any time.

Employees of the department may capture or dispatch any dog inflicting injury or immediately threatening to inflict injury to any mammal in a game refuge or ecological reserve if hunting within such refuge or ecological reserve is unlawful.

No criminal or civil liability shall accrue to any department employee as a result of enforcement of this section. For the purpose of this section, "pursue" means pursue, run, or chase.

Owners of dogs with identification, that have been captured or dispatched, shall be notified within 72 hours after capture or dispatch.

3961. Whenever an employee of the department is not present to carry out the provisions of Section 3960 with respect to any dog inflicting injury or immediately threatening to inflict injury to any deer, elk, or prong-horned antelope during the closed season for these mammals, any property owner, lessee, person holding a permit for the purpose of grazing livestock, or his or her employee, may seize or dispatch the dog if it is found on his or her land or premises without the permission of the person who is in immediate possession of the land. If the dog has on it any readily visible identification tag or license tag as prescribed by Section 30951 of the Food and Agricultural Code, and the dog is found in the act of immediately threatening to injure deer, elk, or prong-horned antelope, the dog may only be dispatched under this section if the dog has, and the owner has been notified that the dog has, previously threatened any of these species.

No action, civil or criminal, shall be maintained for a dog lawfully seized or dispatched pursuant to this article.

The owner of a dog shall be notified within 72 hours of the seizure or dispatching of that dog under this section if it had the identification tag or license tag which is required pursuant to Section 30951 of the Food and Agricultural Code.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4000-4012 (Fur Bearing Mammals)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4000. The following are fur-bearing mammals: pine marten, fisher, wolverine, mink, river otter, gray fox, cross fox, silver fox, red fox, kit fox, raccoon, beaver, badger, and muskrat.

4001. Fur-bearing mammals may be taken between November 16th and the day before the last day of February.

4002. Fur-bearing mammals may be taken only with a trap, a firearm, bow and arrow, poison under a proper permit, or with the use of dogs.

4003. It is unlawful to use poison to take fur-bearing mammals without a permit from the department. The department may issue such a permit upon a written application indicating the kind of poison desired to be used and the time and place of use.

4004. It is unlawful to do any of the following:

(a) Use a trap with saw-toothed or spiked jaws.

(b) Use or sell leghold steel-jawed traps with a spread of 51/2 inches or larger without offset jaws.

(c) Use steel-jawed traps larger than size 11/2 or with a spread larger than 47/8 inches for taking muskrat.

(d) Set or maintain traps which do not bear a number or other identifying mark registered to the department or, in the case of a federal, state, county, or city agency, bear the name of that agency, except that traps set pursuant to Section 4152 or 4180 shall bear an identifying mark in a manner specified by the department. No registration fee shall be charged pursuant to this subdivision.

(e) Fail to visit and remove all animals from traps at least once daily. If the trapping is done pursuant to Section 4152 or 4180, the inspection and removal shall be done by the person who sets the trap or the owner of the land where the trap is set or an agent of either.

(f) Use a steel leghold trap with a spread exceeding 71/2 inches or killer-type trap of the conibear type that is larger than 10 inches by 10 inches.

(g) Set or maintain steel leghold traps within 30 feet of bait placed in a manner or position so that it may be seen by any soaring bird. As used in this subdivision, "bait" includes any bait composed of mammal, bird, or fish flesh, fur, hide, entrails, or feathers.

(h) Set or maintain steel leghold traps with a spread of 51/2 inches or larger without a tension device.

4005.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, every person, other than a fur dealer, who traps fur-bearing mammals or nongame mammals, designated by the commission or who sells raw furs of those mammals, shall procure a trapping license. "Raw fur" means any fur, pelt, or skin that has not been tanned or cured, except that salt-cured or sun-cured pelts are raw furs.

(b) The department shall develop standards that are necessary to ensure the competence and proficiency of applicants for a trapping license. No person shall be issued a license until he or she has passed a test of his or her knowledge and skill in this field.

(c) Persons trapping mammals in accordance with Section 4152 or 4180 are not required to procure a trapping license except when providing trapping services for profit.

(d) No raw furs taken by persons providing trapping services for profit may be sold.

(e) Officers or employees of federal, county, or city agencies or the department, when acting in their official capacities, or officers or employees of the Department of Food and Agriculture when acting pursuant to the Food and Agricultural Code pertaining to pests or pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 6021) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4 of the Food and Agricultural Code, are exempt from the license requirement of this section.

4006. A trapping license shall be issued as follows:

(a) To any resident of this state over the age of 16 years upon payment of a base fee of forty-five dollars ($45), as adjusted under Section 713.

(b) To any resident of this state under the age of 16 years upon payment of a base fee of fifteen dollars ($15), as adjusted under Section 713.

(c) To any person not a resident of this state upon payment of a base fee of two hundred twenty-five dollars ($225), as adjusted under Section 713.

A license shall not be issued to a nonresident if the state in which he or she resides does not provide for issuance of a nonresident trapping license to California residents. Also, a nonresident issued a license under this subdivision may take only those species, and may take or possess only that quantity of a species which a resident of California may take or possess under a nonresident trapping license or permit in the state of residence of that nonresident.

4007. A trapping license authorizes the person to whom it is issued to take, during the open season, fur-bearing mammals and nongame mammals for a term of one year from July 1st, or if issued after the beginning of such term, for the remainder thereof and to sell the raw fur of any such animal.

4008. No trapping license shall be issued to any applicant within one year following the expiration of any trapping license previously issued to such applicant unless he has submitted to the department a sworn statement showing the number of each kind of fur-bearing mammals and nongame mammals taken under the previous license and the names and addresses of the persons to whom they were shipped or sold.

4009. It is unlawful to remove or disturb the trap of any licensee while the trap is being used by the licensee on public land or on land where the licensee has permission to trap. This section does not apply to any employee of the department while engaged in the performance of official duties.

4009.5. The commission may adopt such regulations as it determines to be necessary to regulate the taking and sale of fur-bearing mammals or nongame mammals taken under a trapping license.

4010. The provisions of this chapter do not apply to, or prohibit the propagation of, fur-bearing mammals which are confined in accordance with the regulations of the commission.

4011. Fur-bearing mammals, game mammals, and nongame mammals, when involved in dangerous disease outbreaks, may be taken by duly constituted federal officers of the United States Departments of Agriculture, Interior, and Public Health and state officers of the California Departments of Food and Agriculture, Health Services, and Fish and Game.

4012. It is unlawful to take any cross fox, silver fox, or red fox for profit making purposes.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4150-4190 (Nongame Mammals and Depredators)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4150. All mammals occurring naturally in California which are not game mammals, fully protected mammals, or fur-bearing mammals, are nongame mammals. Nongame mammals or parts thereof may not be taken or possessed except as provided in this code or in accordance with regulations adopted by the commission.

4151. Any house cat (Felis domesticus) found within the limits of any fish and game refuge is a nongame mammal, unless it is in the residence of its owner or upon the grounds of the owner adjacent to such residence.

4152. Except as provided in Section 4005, nongame mammals and black-tailed jackrabbits, muskrats, and red fox squirrels that are found to be injuring growing crops or other property may be taken at any time or in any manner in accordance with this code by the owner or tenant of the premises or employees thereof, except that if leghold steel-jawed traps are used to take those mammals, the traps and the use thereof shall be in accordance with subdivisions (a), (b), and (d) of Section 4004. They may also be taken by officers or employees of the Department of Food and Agriculture or by federal, county, or city, officers or employees when acting in their official capacities pursuant to the provisions of the Food and Agricultural Code pertaining to pests, or pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 6021) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4 of the Food and Agricultural Code. Persons taking mammals in accordance with this section are exempt from the requirements of Section 3007. Raw furs, as defined in Section 4005, that are taken under this section, may not be sold.

Traps used pursuant to this section shall be inspected and all animals in the trap shall be removed at least once daily. The inspection and removal shall be done by the person who sets the trap or the owner of the land where the trap is set or an agent of either.

4153. The department may enter into cooperative agreements with any agency of the state or the United States for the purpose of controlling harmful nongame mammals.

The department may take any mammal which, in its opinion, is unduly preying upon any bird, mammal, or fish.

4154. The department may enter into cooperative contracts with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior in relation to the control of nongame mammals and for that purpose may expend any money made available to the department for expenditure for control or eradication of nongame mammals.

4180. Except as provided for in Section 4005, fur-bearing mammals that are injuring property may be taken at any time and in any manner in accordance with this code, except that if leghold steel-jawed traps are used to take those mammals, the traps and the use thereof shall be in accordance with subdivisions (a), (b), and (d) of Section 4004. Raw furs, as defined in Section 4005, that are taken under this section, may not be sold.

Traps used pursuant to this section shall be inspected and all animals in the trap shall be removed at least once daily. The inspection and removal shall be done by the person who sets the trap or the owner of the land where the trap is set or an agent of either.

4180.1. It is unlawful to use snares, hooks, or barbed wire to remove from the den, or fire to kill in the den, any immature depredator mammal.

Nothing in this section shall prohibit the use of fire-ignited gas cartridges or other products registered or permitted under the

Federal Insecticide, Rodenticide, and Fungicide Act (7 U.S.C. 135 et seq.).

4181.

(a) Except as provided in Section 4181.1, any owner or tenant of land or property that is being damaged or destroyed or is in danger of being damaged or destroyed by elk, bear, beaver, wild pig, or gray squirrels, may apply to the department for a permit to kill the mammals. The department, upon satisfactory evidence of the damage or destruction, actual or immediately threatened, shall issue a revocable permit for the taking and disposition of the mammals under regulations adopted by the commission. The permit shall include a statement of the penalties that may be imposed for a violation of the permit conditions. Mammals so taken shall not be sold or shipped from the premises on which they are taken except under instructions from the department. No iron-jawed or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed trap shall be used to take any bear pursuant to this section. No poison of any type may be used to take any gray squirrel pursuant to this section. The department shall designate the type of trap to be used to insure the most humane method is used to trap gray squirrels. The department may require trapped squirrels to be released in parks or other nonagricultural areas. It shall be unlawful for any person to violate the terms of any permit issued under this section.

(b) The permit issued for taking bears pursuant to subdivision (a) shall contain the following facts:

(1) Why the issuance of the permit was necessary.

(2) What efforts were made to solve the problem without killing the bears.

(3) What corrective actions should be implemented to prevent reoccurrence.

(c) With respect to wild pigs, the department shall provide an applicant for a depredation permit to take wild pigs or a person who reports taking wild pigs pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 4181.1 with written information that sets forth available options for wild pig control, including, but not limited to, depredation permits, allowing periodic access to licensed hunters, and holding special hunts authorized pursuant to Section 4188. The department may maintain and make available to these persons lists of licensed hunters interested in wild pig hunting and lists of nonprofit organizations that are available to take possession of depredating wild pig carcasses.

4181.1.

(a) Any bear that is encountered while in the act of inflicting injury to, molesting, or killing, livestock may be taken immediately by the owner of the livestock or the owner's employee if the taking is reported no later than the next working day to the department and the carcass is made available to the department.

(b) Notwithstanding Section 4652, any wild pig that is encountered while in the act of inflicting injury to, molesting, pursuing, worrying, or killing livestock or damaging or destroying, or threatening to immediately damage or destroy, land or other property, including, but not limited to, rare, threatened, or endangered native plants, wildlife, or aquatic species, may be taken immediately by the owner of the livestock, land, or property or the owner's agent or employee, or by an agent or employee of any federal, state, county, or city entity when acting in his or her official capacity. The person taking the wild pig shall report the taking no later than the next working day to the department and shall make the carcass available to the department. Unless otherwise directed by the department and notwithstanding Section 4657, the person taking a wild pig pursuant to this subdivision, or to whom the carcass of a wild pig taken pursuant to this subdivision is transferred pursuant to subdivision (c), may possess the carcass of the wild pig. The person in possession of the carcass shall make use of the carcass, which may include an arrangement for the transfer of the carcass to another person or entity, such as a nonprofit organization, without compensation. The person who arranges this transfer shall be deemed to be in compliance with Section 4304. A violation of this subdivision is punishable pursuant to Section 12000. It is the intent of the Legislature that nothing in this subdivision shall be interpreted to authorize a person to take wild pigs pursuant to this subdivision in violation of a state statute or regulation or a local zoning or other ordinance that is adopted pursuant to other provisions of law and that restricts the discharge of firearms.

(c) The department shall make a record of each report made pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) and may have an employee of the department investigate the taking or cause the taking to be investigated. The person taking a wild pig shall provide information as deemed necessary by the department. Upon completion of the investigation, the investigator may, upon a finding that the requirements of this section have been met with respect to the particular bear or wild pig taken under subdivision (a) or (b), issue a written statement to the person confirming that the requirements of this section have been met. The person who took the wild pig may transfer the carcass to another person without compensation.

(d) Notwithstanding Section 4763, any part of any bear lawfully possessed pursuant to this section is subject to Section 4758.

(e) Nothing in this section prohibits federal, state, or county trappers from killing or trapping bears when the bears are killing or molesting livestock, but no iron-jawed or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed trap shall be used to take the bear, and no person, including employees of the state, federal, or county government, shall take bear with iron-jawed or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed traps.

4181.2. For the purposes of this article relating to damage caused by wild pigs, "damage" means loss or harm resulting from injury to person or property. The department shall develop statewide guidelines to aid in determining the damage caused by wild pigs. The guidelines shall consider various uses of the land impacted by pigs.

4181.5. Any owner or tenant of land or property that is being damaged or destroyed or is in immediate danger of being damaged or destroyed by deer may apply to the department for a permit to kill such deer. The department, upon satisfactory evidence of such damage or destruction, actual or immediately threatened, shall issue a revocable permit for the taking and disposition of such deer for a designated period not to exceed 60 days under regulations promulgated by the commission.

The regulations of the commission shall include provisions concerning the type of weapons to be used to kill the deer. The weapons shall be such as will ensure humane killing, but the regulations of the commission shall provide for the use of a sufficient variety of weapons to permit the designation of particular types to be used in any particular locality commensurate with the need to protect persons and property. Firearms using .22-caliber rimfire cartridges may be used only when authorized by the director.

No pistols shall be used. The caliber and type of weapon to be used by each permittee shall be specified in each permit by the issuing officer who shall take into consideration the location of the area, the necessity for clean kills, the safety factor, local firearms ordinances, and other factors which apply. Rifle ammunition used shall have expanding bullets; shotgun ammunition shall have only single slugs.

The department shall issue tags similar to those provided for in Section 4331 at the same time the permit is issued. A permittee under this section shall carry the tags while hunting deer, and upon the killing of any deer, shall immediately fill out both parts of the tag and punch out clearly the date of the kill. One part of the tag shall be immediately attached to the antlers of antlered deer or to the ear of any other deer and kept attached until ten (10) days after the permit has expired. The other part of the tag shall be immediately sent to the department after it has been countersigned by any person authorized by Section 4341.

A permit issued pursuant to this section may be renewed only after a finding by the department that further damage has occurred or will occur unless such permit is renewed. A person seeking renewal of the permit shall account for all prior tags issued at the time he received any prior permits, and if any tags are unused, he must show either that any deer killed could not reasonably be tagged or why the killing was not accomplished within the allotted time and why such killing would be accomplished under a new time period.

4185. In any district or part of a district within San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, bears may be taken at any time with traps within a good and substantial fence, as such fence is described in Section 17121 of the Food and Agricultural Code, surrounding beehives, if no part of the fence is at a distance greater than 50 yards from a beehive, and if a conspicuous sign is posted and maintained at each entrance to the enclosed premises to give warning of the presence of the traps. No iron or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed trap shall be used to take bear under this section.

4186. Nothing in this code prohibits the owner or tenant of land, or any person authorized in writing by such owner or tenant, from taking cottontail or brush rabbits during any time of the year when damage to crops or forage is being experienced on such land. Any person other than the owner or tenant of such land shall have in possession when transporting rabbits from such property written authority from the owner or tenant of land where such rabbits were taken. Rabbits taken under the provision of this code may not be sold.

4188. When a landowner or tenant applies for a permit under Section 4181 for wild pigs, or Section 4181.5 for deer, the commission, in lieu of such a permit may, with the consent of, or upon the request of, the landowner or tenant, under appropriate regulations, authorize the issuance of permits to persons holding valid hunting licenses to take wild pigs or deer in sufficient numbers to stop the damage or threatened damage. Prior to issuing permits to licensed hunters, the department shall investigate and determine the number of permits necessary, the territory involved, the dates of the proposed hunt, the manner of issuing the permits, and the fee for the permit.

4190. The department shall tag, brand, or otherwise identify in a persistent and distinctive manner large depredatory mammal relocated by, or with the approval of, the department for game management purposes.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4301-4371 (Deer)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4301.

(a) Subject to the provisions of this code permitting the sale of domestically raised game mammals, it is unlawful to sell or purchase, or transport for the purpose of sale, any deer meat in this state whether fresh, smoked, canned, or preserved by any means, except fallow deer meat processed by a slaughterer in accordance with Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 18650) of, and Chapter 4.1 (commencing with Section 18940) of, Part 3 of Division 9 of the Food and Agricultural Code, and except that deer meat may be imported into this state from a foreign country for the purpose of processing (manufacturing) and selling a product commonly known as venison or deer jerky or venison or deer salami, properly labeled as such, for human consumption. All deer meat imported into this state shall meet all of the sanitary and inspection requirements for wholesomeness, except an antemortem inspection, but including a postmortem inspection, as required for other meat imported for human consumption. The deer meat shall be in an identifiable condition and accompanied by a bill of lading, showing the name of the consignor, the consignee, and the weight of the deer meat shipped. A copy of the bill of lading shall be delivered to the nearest office of the department either prior to, or not later than, two days from the date of receipt of the deer meat. No such deer meat imported into this state may leave the premises of the original consignee unless written permission is received from the department, or unless it is processed into the form of the product commonly known as jerky or salami.

(b) As used in this section, "deer" includes any animal of the family Cervidae.

4302. Any person taking any deer shall retain in his possession during the open season thereon, and for 15 days thereafter, that portion of the head which in adult males normally bears the antlers, and shall produce the designated portion of the head upon the demand of any officer authorized to enforce the provisions of this code.

4303. The skin or hide of any deer lawfully taken may be sold, purchased, tanned, or manufactured into articles for sale.

Skins or hides of deer lawfully taken may be donated at any time to veterans' organizations or veterans' service committees for use by veterans for rehabilitation purposes.

4304. No person shall at any time capture or destroy any deer and detach or remove from the carcass only the head, hide, antlers, or horns; nor shall any person at any time leave through carelessness or neglect any game mammal or game bird which is in his possession, or any portion of the flesh thereof usually eaten by humans, to go needlessly to waste. The provisions of this section shall not apply to game mammals taken under the authority of Sections 4152 and 4183 of this code.

4330. It is unlawful to take any deer without first procuring a deer license tag or permit authorizing the taking of such deer.

4331. The commission may determine the design and makeup of the deer license tag and prescribe the procedures for issuance and use.

4332.

(a) Any resident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a valid hunting license, may procure one license tag for the taking of one deer by one person during the current license year, upon payment of the base fee of ten dollars ($10) for the license year beginning July 1, 1986, and the base fee as adjusted under Section 713 for subsequent license years.

(b) Any nonresident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a valid hunting license, may procure one license tag for the taking of one deer by one person during the current license year, upon payment of the base fee of one hundred dollars ($100) for the license year beginning July 1, 1986, and the base fee as adjusted under Section 713 for subsequent license years.

(c) If provided in regulations adopted by the commission under Section 200, any resident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a deer tag may procure one additional deer tag for the taking of one additional deer during the current license season, upon payment of the base fee of twelve dollars and fifty cents ($12.50) for the license years beginning July 1, 1986, and the base fee as adjusted under Section 713 for subsequent license years.

(d) If provided in regulations adopted by the commission under Section 200, any nonresident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a deer tag may procure one additional deer tag for the taking of one additional deer during the current license season, upon payment of the base fee of one hundred dollars ($100) for the license year beginning July 1, 1986, and the base fee as adjusted under Section 713 for subsequent license years.

(e) The revenue received pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the Fish and Game Preservation Fund, and, notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, 54 percent of the amount deposited in that fund pursuant to this section each year is hereby continuously appropriated to the department for expenditure for the purpose of implementing the deer herd management plans prepared pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 450) of Division 1.

The amount appropriated for implementation of deer herd management plans by this subdivision is intended to be in addition to, and not a replacement for, the funds budgeted in that year or the previous year to the department from the Fish and Game Preservation Fund for deer management.

4333. License tags are valid only during that portion of the current hunting license year in which deer may be taken or possessed in any area.

4334. The commission shall annually direct the department to authorize, pursuant to Sections 1054.6 and 1054.8, the sale of not more than 10 deer license tags solely for the purpose of raising funds for programs and projects to benefit deer. These tags may be sold to residents or nonresidents of the State of California at auction or by any other method and are not subject to the fees prescribed by Section 4332. Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, all funds derived from the sale of these tags is hereby continuously appropriated to the department to be used for the Deer Herd Management Plan Implementation Program. These funds shall augment, not supplant, any other funds appropriated to the department for the preservation, restoration, utilization, and management of deer. All revenues derived from the sale of these tags shall be remitted to the department by the seller.

4336. The holder of a deer tag shall carry the tag while hunting deer, and upon the killing of any deer, shall immediately fill out the tag and permanently mark the date of the kill. The deer tag shall be immediately attached to the antlers of antlered deer or to the ear of any other deer and kept attached during the open season and for 15 days thereafter. The holder of the deer tag shall immediately, upon harvesting a deer, notify the department in a manner specified by the commission.

Except as otherwise provided by this code or regulation adopted pursuant to this code, possession of any untagged deer is a violation of this section.

4340.

(a) Any person who is convicted of a violation of any provision of this code, or of any rule, regulation, or order made or adopted under this code, relating to deer shall forfeit his or her deer license tags, and no new deer license tags may be issued to that person during the then current license year for hunting licenses.

(b) No person described in subdivision (a) may apply for deer license tags for the following license year.

4341. Any person legally killing a deer in this state shall have the license tag countersigned by a person employed in the department, a person designated for this purpose by the commission, or by a notary public, postmaster, peace officer, or an officer authorized to administer oaths, before transporting such deer, except for the purpose of taking it to the nearest person authorized to countersign the license tag, on the route being followed from the point where the deer is taken.

4370. In every area in which deer may lawfully be taken during the general open season there is an archery season for the taking of deer with bow and arrow. The season for each area shall be as the commission may prescribe, with a minimum interposing interval of three days immediately preceding the regular open season on deer in that area. No person taking or attempting to take deer during such archery season shall carry, or have under his immediate control, any firearm of any kind.

4371. The provisions of this code relating to deer shall be applicable to the taking of deer with bow and arrow.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4650-4657 (Wild Pigs)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4650. Wild pigs, as used in this chapter, means free-roaming pigs not distinguished by branding, ear marking, or other permanent identification methods.

4651.

(a) The department shall prepare a plan for the management of wild pigs. Under the plan, the status and trend of wild pig populations shall be determined and management units shall be designated within the state. The plan may establish pig management zones to address regional needs and opportunities. In preparing the plan, the department shall consider available, existing information and literature relative to wild pigs.

(b) The plan may include all of the following:

(1) The distribution and abundance of wild pigs, as described in Section 3950.

(2) A survey of range conditions.

(3) Recommendations for investigations and utilization of wild pigs.

(4) Encouraging mitigation of depredation by sport hunting pursuant to this chapter.

(5) Live trapping and relocation of wild pigs to areas suitable and accessible to mitigation of depredation, with the consent of the landowner and after prior consultation with adjacent landowners who, in the department's opinion may be impacted, pursuant to this chapter.

4652.

(a) It is unlawful to take any wild pig, except as provided in Section 4181, without first procuring a license tag authorizing the taking of such wild pig in accordance with this chapter.

(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 1992.

4653. The department may determine the design and type of information to be included on the wild pig license tag and prescribe the procedures for the issuance and use of the tag.

4654.

(a) Any resident of this state, 12 years of age or older, who possesses a valid hunting license, may procure the number of wild pig tags corresponding to the number of wild pigs that may legally be taken by one person during the license year upon payment of a base fee of one dollar and fifty cents ($1.50), as adjusted under Section 713 for each wild pig tag.

(b) Any nonresident, 12 years of age or older, who possesses a valid California nonresident hunting license, may procure the number of wild pig tags corresponding to the number of wild pigs that may legally be taken by one person during the license year upon payment of a base fee of ten dollars ($10), as adjusted under Section 713, for each wild pig tag.

4655.

(a) Wild pig license tags are valid only during that portion of the current hunting license year in which wild pigs may be taken or possessed in any area of the state.

(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 1992.

4656. Revenues received pursuant to this chapter shall be deposited in the Fish and Game Preservation Fund. These funds shall be available for expenditure by the department solely for wild pig management. The department shall maintain all internal accounting measures necessary to ensure that all restrictions on these funds are met.

4657. The holder of a wild pig tag shall keep the tag in his or her possession while hunting wild pig. Prior to the taking of any wild pig, the holder of a wild pig tag shall write or otherwise affix his or her hunting license number to the wild pig tag. Upon the killing of any wild pig, the date of the kill shall be clearly marked by the holder of the tag on the tag. Prior to transporting the pig, a tag shall be attached to the carcass by the holder of the tag. The holder of the wild pig tag shall immediately, upon harvesting a pig, notify the department in a manner specified by the commission.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4750-4763 (Bear)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4750. It is unlawful to take any bear with firearm, trap, or bow and arrow without first procuring a license tag authorizing the taking of such bear in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, but no iron or steel-jawed or any type of metal-jawed trap shall be used to take any bear.

4751.

(a) Any resident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a valid hunting license, may procure the number of bear tags corresponding to the number of bear that may legally be taken by one person during the current license year, upon payment of a base fee of fifteen dollars ($15), as adjusted under Section 713, for each bear tag.

(b) Any nonresident of this state, 12 years of age or over, who possesses a valid California hunting license, may procure the number of bear license tags corresponding to the number of bear that may be legally taken by one person during the current license year upon payment of the base fee of one hundred five dollars ($105), as adjusted under Section 713, for each bear tag.

4752. Bear license tags are valid only during that portion of the current hunting license year in which bear may be taken or possessed in any district.

4753. The holder of a bear tag shall carry the tag while hunting bear, and upon the killing of any bear shall immediately fill out the tag and punch out clearly the date of the kill. One part of the tag shall be immediately attached to the ear of the bear and kept attached during the open season and for 15 days thereafter. The holder of the bear tag shall immediately, upon harvesting a bear, notify the department in a manner specified by the commission. Possession of any untagged bear is a violation of this section.

4754.

(a) Any person who is convicted of a violation of any provision of this code, or of any rule, regulation, or order made or adopted under this code, relating to bears shall forfeit his or her bear license tags, and new bear license tags shall not be issued to that person during the then current license year for hunting licenses.

(b) A person described in subdivision (a) shall not apply for bear license tags for the following license year.

4755. Any person legally killing a bear in this state shall have the license tag countersigned by a fish and game commissioner, a person employed in the department, a person designated for this purpose by the commission, or by a notary public, postmaster, peace officer or by an officer authorized to administer oaths, before transporting such bear except for the purpose of taking it to the nearest officer authorized to countersign the license tag, on the route being followed from the point where the bear is taken.

4756. Except as provided in this section it is unlawful to use dogs to hunt, pursue, or molest bears.

The use of one dog per hunter is permitted for the hunting of bears during the time that the season is open for the taking of deer in the area of the state affected.

The use of more than one dog per hunter is permitted in the hunting of bears during the open season on bears in the area of the state affected except during the period when archery deer seasons or regular deer seasons are open.

4757. Any person taking any bear must retain in his possession during the open season thereon, and for 15 days thereafter, the skin and portion of the head bearing the ears, and must produce the skin and portion of the head upon the demand of any officer authorized to enforce the provisions of this code.

4758.

(a) Subject to the provisions of this code permitting the sale of domestically raised game mammals, it is unlawful to sell or purchase, or possess for sale, the meat, skin, hide, teeth, claws, or other parts of any bear in this state.

(b) The possession of more than one bear gall bladder is prima facie evidence that the bear gall bladders are possessed for sale.

(c) Nothing in this section prohibits a sale authorized pursuant to Section 3087.

4759. The skin, hide, teeth, claws, or other parts of any bear lawfully taken and possessed for the period provided in Section 4757 may be tanned or utilized for personal use only. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 4757, the skin, hide, teeth, claws, or other parts of any bear lawfully taken may be donated any time to veterans' organizations or veterans' service committees for use by veterans for rehabilitation purposes. The donor shall obtain a receipt which shall be retained during the period stipulated by Section 4757.

4760. The provisions of this chapter relating to the possession of bear apply to bear taken outside this State and transported into this State.

4763. The provisions of this chapter do not apply to the taking of bear which is otherwise authorized to protect livestock, land, or property from damage or threatened damage from bear.

CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME CODE

SECTION 4800-4809 (Mountain Lions)

PART 3. MAMMALS

4800.

(a) The mountain lion (genus Felis) is a specially protected mammal under the laws of this state.

(b) It is unlawful to take, injure, possess, transport, import, or sell any mountain lion or any part or product thereof, except as specifically provided in this chapter or in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2116) of Division 3. This chapter does not prohibit the sale or possession of any mountain lion or any part or product thereof, when the owner can demonstrate that the mountain lion, or part or product thereof, was in the person's possession on June 6, 1990.

(c) Any violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment. An individual is not guilty of a violation of this section if it is demonstrated that, in taking or injuring a mountain lion, the individual was acting in self-defense or in defense of others.

(d) Section 219 does not apply to this chapter. Neither the commission nor the department shall adopt any regulation that conflicts with or supersedes any of the provisions of this chapter.

4801. The department may remove or take any mountain lion, or authorize an appropriate local agency with public safety responsibility to remove or take any mountain lion, that is perceived to be an imminent threat to public health or safety or that is perceived by the department to be an imminent threat to the survival of any threatened, endangered, candidate, or fully protected sheep species.

4802. Any person, or the employee or agent of a person, whose livestock or other property is being or has been injured, damaged, or destroyed by a mountain lion may report that fact to the department and request a permit to take the mountain lion.

4803. Upon receipt of a report pursuant to Section 4802, the department, or any animal damage control officer specifically authorized by the department to carry out this responsibility, shall immediately take the action necessary to confirm that there has been depredation by a mountain lion as reported. The confirmation process shall be completed as quickly as possible, but in no event more than 48 hours after receiving the report. If satisfied that there has been depredation by a mountain lion as reported, the department shall promptly issue a permit to take the depredating mountain lion.

4804. In order to ensure that only the depredating mountain lion will be taken, the department shall issue the permit pursuant to Section 4803 with the following conditions attached:

(a) The permit shall expire 10 days after issuance.

(b) The permit shall authorize the holder to begin pursuit not more than one mile from the depredation site.

(c) The permit shall limit the pursuit of the depredating mountain lion to within a 10-mile radius from the location of the reported damage or destruction.

4805. Whenever immediate authorization will materially assist in the pursuit of the particular mountain lion believed to be responsible for the depredation reported pursuant to Section 4802, the department or the animal damage control officer may orally authorize the pursuit and taking of the depredating mountain lion, and the department shall issue a written permit for the period previously authorized as soon as practicable after the oral authorization.

4806. Any person issued a permit pursuant to Section 4803 or 4805 shall report, by telephone within 24 hours, the capturing, injuring, or killing of any mountain lion to an office of the department or, if telephoning is not practicable, in writing within five days after the capturing, injuring, or killing of the mountain lion. At the time of making the report of the capturing, injuring, or killing, the holder of the permit shall make arrangements to turn over the mountain lion or the entire carcass of the mountain lion which has been recovered to a representative of the department and shall do so in a timely manner.

4807.

(a) Any mountain lion that is encountered while in the act of pursuing, inflicting injury to, or killing livestock, or domestic animals, may be taken immediately by the owner of the property or the owner's employee or agent. The taking shall be reported within 72 hours to the department. The department shall investigate the depredation, and, if the mountain lion was captured, injured, or killed, the mountain lion or the entire carcass of the mountain lion which has been recovered shall be turned over to the department. Upon satisfactorily completing the investigation and receiving the mountain lion or the carcass, if recovered, the department shall issue a permit confirming that the requirements of this section have been met with respect to the particular mountain lion taken under these circumstances.

(b) The department shall undertake a complete necropsy on any returned mountain lion carcass and report the findings to the commission. The commission shall compile the reported findings and prepare an annual written report that shall be submitted to the Legislature not later than the January 15 next following the year in which the mountain lion was taken.

4808. As used in this chapter, "agent" means the agent or employee of the owner of the damaged or destroyed property, any county or city predator control officer, any employee of the Animal Damage Control Section of the United States Department of Agriculture, any departmental personnel, or any authorized or permitted houndsman registered with the department as possessing the requisite experience and having no prior conviction of any provision of this code or regulation adopted pursuant to this code. A plea of nolo contendere is a conviction for purposes of this section.

4809. Mountain lions authorized to be taken pursuant to this chapter shall be taken by the most effective means available to take the mountain lion causing the damage or destruction, except that no mountain lion shall be taken by means of poison, leg-hold or metal-jawed traps, and snares.

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Last modified: 02/21/09